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Curbing Macular Degeneration

Image of old man at the computer.

Macular degeneration represents one of the most significant causes of vision loss in older adults. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1.8 million people currently suffer from macular degeneration, with an additional 7.3 million people at risk of developing this condition. Understanding the causes of and treatments for macular degeneration allow you to receive the optometry care needed to curb the incidence and progression of this disease.

What Is Macular Degeneration?

Dry macular degeneration is a chronic eye disease in which the macula, a portion of the retina, deteriorates. When light enters the eye, it hits the retina, which lies on the back of the eyeball. Neural signaling from cells in the retina allows us to see clearly. If the macula degenerates, it cannot transmit visual signals to the brain, leading to blurred vision or a blind spot in the central portion of the visual field. A less common form of the disease, called wet macular degeneration, occurs when blood vessels behind the retina leak fluid, causing changes in central vision.

Curbing Macular Degeneration

Certain characteristics put individuals at a higher risk of developing macular degeneration. Being Caucasian, growing older, and having a family history of macular degeneration are strong risk factors outside of your control. Other risk factors, such as obesity, smoking, poor diet, cardiovascular disease, and high cholesterol can be modified through lifestyle change.

To prevent macular degeneration, optometrists recommend incorporating healthy fruits and vegetables into your diet, reducing caloric intake to manage your weight, quitting smoking, increasing physical activity, and reducing your consumption of saturated and trans fats to lower your cholesterol. Your doctor can help you construct a healthy diet and lifestyle plan to reduce your risk.

Currently, dry macular degeneration is irreversible. However, it often progresses slowly and certain treatments may reduce the rate of progression. Annual visits to the optometrist to receive an eye exam are essential to monitoring the condition. Your eye doctor may recommend taking supplements, as high levels of vitamins A, C, and E as well as zinc and copper may reduce the progression of macular degeneration. Increasing your intake of omega-3 fatty acids and lutein may also help, although more research is needed to confirm the efficacy of these treatments.

Treatment for wet macular degeneration may include injection of prescription medications, photodynamic therapy, or laser treatment to destroy abnormal blood vessels and prevent new vessel growth. In very advanced cases of macular degeneration, an optometrist may recommend surgery to implant a telescopic lens in one eye.

Sources:

American Health Assistance Foundation (2012). Macular degeneration research: About macular degeneration.
Mayo Clinic (2012): Macular degeneration.

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Testimonials

Reviews By Our Satisfied Clients

  • "Had my annual eye exam this morning at Lake Lanier Eye Care. I elected to have all the tests and afterwards,Dr. Bordner reveiwed them indificually with me and reported that my vision was really good! Excellent experience with Amy, Diane and Dr. Brett Bordner, OD."
    Cheryl Carr / Facebook Review
  • "My visit to Lake Lanier Eye Care was pleasant and painless. From start to finish, the staff there exemplifies excellence and professionalism and has made a visit to the optometrist’s office an experience I look forward to rather than hope to avoid."
    Ashlee S. / Google Review
  • "Love everybody here! Wonderful experience!"
    Allison Fuller / Google Review
  • "Dr. Brett Bordner is fantastic! He is very patient and spends a lot of time with each and every person and explains everything he does. He makes you feel valued and very comfortable throughout the appointment. Highly recommended!"
    Sarah Clark / Google Review
  • "his was an amazing experience. The staff is extremely professional and the doctor was very knowledgeable. I highly recommend them!!!!"
    Laura Milum / Google Review
  • "My husband and I came to Lake Lanier Eye Care because the people are extremely friendly. We came in on our scheduled time and were completely done in 20 minutes! The service, cost and location are TOP NOTCH!
    Check out the Daytona Imaging. The service they provide with this imaging tops any dilation I have ever had. If you need help, call! They are ready to answer any question."
    Hayley Bean / Google Review
  • "The staff at Lake Lanier go all in. They are friendly from the moment they pick up the phone to the moment you walk out. My wife and I were excited to meet them the minute we called and couldn’t wait to get in! I highly recommend getting the Daytona Imaging. It is interesting to see your eye AND you don’t need dilation! Win, win!
    Conveniently located in Costco, so get you’re shopping done right after. You’ll be able to see what you’re getting then!"
    Cayce Koehler / Google Review
  • "Dr. Brett and his staff are very nice and extremely helpful. Easy and quick appointment. I highly recommend theake Lanier Eyecare at Costco in Cumming"
    Roella Day / Google Review
  • "Took care of an eye infection and very professional in my treatment."
    Ronald Swanson / Google Review
  • "My whole family uses this practice. Convenient location, great office staff, late day appointments and weekends too make this the perfect eye care facility for us."
    Bekki Davis / Google Review
  • "Staff is so nice & helping. Occulist was very nice & knowledgable . Felt very relaxed after mine eye check up."
    shweta feb / Google Review
  • "I was struggling with wearing glasses and contacts so Dr. Brett suggested I try Ortho K. After a short time period my vision was 20/20 and I no longer needed my glasses or contacts during the day. He was knowledgeable and took the time to explain the process making it a far more comfortable experience."
    Melody Million / Google Review
  • "I was blown away by this practice. The doctor & all the people there are so, so kind. Also, their equipment was really awesome. I feel like over the years I haven’t been getting the best exams as this equipment was far superior to other places. I was really amazed by it & the huge difference in my eye sight in one year leads me to believe that is obvious to be true.
    Also, I had been in a really bad car accident where I hit the windshield & has 2 dark black eyes. It was a coincidence that I needed a new prescription for my contacts. Having them exam my eyes and do the extra testing gave me such a huge peace.
    I could go on as I really appreciate a great business with super kind people who all do their job so well. I took my mom back a week later & she agreed. I will continue to go there for years to come."
    A. D. / Google Review
  • "Great folks here! Very helpful. Get your eyes checked people!"
    Kim Zweig / Facebook Review
  • "Ann is so sweet and professional at the same time. got me scheduled very quickly! Dr Bordner is very kind and makes you feel taken care of"
    Allison Kristen Keever / Facebook Review
  • "Wonder place and pricing"
    Rob Zweig / Google Review
  • "The staff was very friendly and efficient - highly recommend this office ."
    Leslie Jones / Google Review
  • "Great doctor and staff, very welcoming!"
    Tiaris Ayala / Google Review
  • "The doctor is very knowledgeable and kind. The entire staff was very helpful. I will be returning yearly!"
    Laurie Shillington / Google Review